Monday, November 05, 2007


Robotics is the science and technology of robots, their design, manufacture, and application.Robotics requires a functioning knowledge of electronics, mechanics, and software. A person working in the field is a roboticist. The word robotics was first used in publish by Isaac Asimov, in his science fiction short story "Runaround" (1941).

Although the exterior and capabilities of robots fluctuate enormously, all robots share the features of a mechanical, movable structure under some form of control. The chain is warped of links, actuators and joints which can allow one or more degrees of freedom. Most contemporary robots use open serial chains in which each link connects the one before to the one after it. These robots are called serial robots and often resemble the human arm. A few robots, such as the Stewart platform, exploit closed parallel kinematic chains. Other structures, such as those that mimic the mechanical structure of humans, different animals and insects, are comparatively rare. However, the development and use of such structures in robots is a dynamic area of research. Robots used as manipulators have an end effector mounted on the last link. This end effector can be anything from a welding mechanism to a mechanical hand used to manipulate the environment.


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